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The town of Tirupati is one of the most ancient and sacred pilgrimage spots in India. The name 'Tirupati' means the "Lord of Lakshmi," and should have been applied to the village on the Venkat hill, the dwelling of Lord Venkateswara. However, Tirupati is the town and transport hub at the bottom of the hill. The hill near the temple is called 'Tirumala' or the "sacred hill." The temple here is said to be the busiest in the world, eclipsing even Rome, Jerusalem and Mecca in the number of pilgrims visiting it.
Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami temple is at Srinivasa Mangapuram, situated 12 km to the west of Tirupati. According to legend, Lord Venkateswara stayed here after his marriage with Sri Padmavathi Devi, before proceeding to Tirumala.
Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami temple, at Narayanavanam, is 40 km from Tirupati. Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami is the main deity here. There are four sub-temples here, which include Sri Padmavathi Ammavari temple, Sri Andal Ammavari temple, Sri Sita Lakshmana Sameta Ramulavari temple, and Sri Ranganayakula Swami temple. Besides these, there are five other temples attached to Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami temple, namely, Sri Parasareswara Swami temple, Sri Veerabhadra Swami temple, Sri Sakti Vinayaka Swami temple, Sri Agastheeswara Swami temple, and Sri Avanakshamma temple.
Sri Veda Narayanaswami temple is located in Nagalapuram, 70 km southeast of Tirupati. It is believed that Lord Vishnu, in the form of Matsya, killed the demon Somakudu here, and retrieved the Vedas from the latter. The sanctum sanctorum houses an image of the Matsya form of Vishnu, with Sridevi and Bhudevi on either side. A peculiar feature of the idol is that it holds the Sudarsana Chakra in prayoga mudra, ready for release. The temple was constructed by Sri Krishnadevaraya Raya, the Vijaynagar emperor, and is a fine specimen of the Vijaynagar style of architecture. The sub-temples inside the main temple are Sri Vedavalli Tayaru temple, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swami temple, Sri Veeranjaneya Swami temple, Sri Bhakta Anjaneyaswami temple, and Sri Sita Lakshmana Sameta Ramulavari temple.
Sri Venugopalaswami temple is situated in Karvetinagaram, 58 km from Tirupati. The main deity of the temple is Sri Venugopalaswami with His consorts, Sri Rukmini Ammavaru and Sri Satyabhama Ammavaru. There is a sub-temple with the idol Sri Sita Ramula Pattabhishekam.